Skin hyper-pigmentation is a common condition that causes an individual’s natural skin color to either appear lighter or darker. In most cases it is the darker discoloration that people want to address. Skin discoloration has a reputation for making its victims appear older than their actual age, depending on the severity of the condition. What are the possible causes of skin discoloration?
The most common skin pigmentation or discoloration can result from people having a prolonged sun-exposing vacation. Unfortunately, overexposing yourself to direct sunlight can have catastrophic implications on your skin, especially while traveling or spending extended time under the sun. The most common reason for burning on vacations or unusual overexposure to sun is forgetting to re-apply SPF often, especially after being in the water or sweating. Ultra-violet sun rays can be quite harmful to your skin, causing sunburn, redness and inflammation, which can lead to melanoma and skin cancer. With this in mind, it is necessary to incorporate a daily SPF into your skin care regimen and to be extra diligent during prolonged sun exposure times.
Skin discoloration can also be triggered by hormonal changes. Although this kind of skin discoloration is normally temporary, its effects can take longer to disappear. It is imperative to ensure that you have adequate nutrients such as folic acid (PABA amino acids) to avoid developing a most common skin discoloration condition called melasma. This kind of skin discoloration is most common in pregnant women and those on birth control pills. Careful and limited sun exposure may help to cut down the effects.
Overdoses of Nutrients
Excessive consumption of foods that are rich in copper can lead to increased melanin production, which can then lead to skin discoloration. The condition can also be triggered by an overdose of beta carotene. This unique type of vitamin A can also cause your skin to appear reddish or orange in color. The good news is that skin discolorations caused by an overdose of nutrients disappear within a few hours without treatment.
Vitiligo is simply a condition that causes white patches on an individual’s skin due to excessive loss of melanin or pigment. The white patches can either affect small or large areas of the body. The condition normally affects various body parts such as hands, arms, face, or feet. It is usually associated with other chronic medical conditions such as thyroid dysfunction. Vitiligo can be improved with the use of sunscreens and other skin care products.
Skin discoloration in the form of birthmarks, can appear on any part of the body. Birthmarks can come in various colors, sizes, and shapes. Fortunately, birthmarks are most commonly tremendously harmless. They are normally permanent, but can be in some cases lightened using the right type of skin care products.
Often times, spots of discoloration can be left from acne, cuts or even scratches. This type of pigmentation can usually be avoided through careful use of SPF and while the skin is still healing. These kinds of marks can very often be lightened with products and skin treatments that encourage skin turnover, thus resulting in lightening the marks.